In this post, I will attempt to detail a few of my thoughts regarding the names of the Olympian Gods in 1) Latin, and 2) Ancient Greek.
Firstly, I will consider the poetic aspect (if you do not care for poetry, skip this section)
First, let us examine the name of The King of The Gods: Zeus, he is called in Greek, or, by his Latin name (written in english) Jupiter, or Jove. (I believe “Jupiter” comes from what he is called in Latin text, luppiter, though I do not know much about Latin sadly)
In poetic meter, Jove and Zeus are both an equal length, so they can both be used in an Iambic or Trochaic fashion. For example, while I am not that proficient in the rules of poetry, I believe the lines: l O Jove l l I pray l (l beseech) l l to thee l
would be considered Iambic feet, and “Jove” would be perfectly interchangeable with Zeus. (The bolded lines are the dividers, separating the feet)
Jove, however, rhymes with more English words than Zeus does. For example, a few perfect rhymes for Jove would be; strove, dove, drove, rove, grove, cove, etc. And a few imperfect rhymes would be; love, above, Dove (animal). How many English words rhyme with Zeus? I cannot think of any. Jupiter is even easier to rhyme, since it ends with an “er” sound, like Father, Ruler, Thunder, Sir, concur, deter, her, etc. Furthermore, the words Jove, and Jupiter, are easier to pronounce, if you ask me. Why struggle with the awkward Z in Zeus, if one can simply say “Jove?”
Now, Hera/Juno. Again, both names are equally long syllable wise. Juno rhymes with much more English words, such as Hollow, Woe, Lo, Row, Doe, Go, Flow, No, etc. And to me, again, Juno is more elegant (I consider all the Latin names more elegant, if I am to be honest) and easier to pronounce.
And so on. If you go on, you will find a pattern. Most of the Latin names are easier to rhyme, and frankly, easier to pronounce. Why is this so? Well, I am not an expert on language (sadly) but, I believe it is due to the fact the Latin alphabet is the basis of the English alphabet, therefore, Latin names fit better and sound better when said in sentences. Even the Greek names are often Latinized, to prevent a clunky sound. For example, Olympus would actually be Olympos, and Tartarus Tartaros. Achilles would be Akhilleus. English is far too similar to Latin to not have the words Latinized. In fact, I am rather confused why Mr Riordan used “Kronos,” and a few more Titan’s were called by a more Greek name, which to me, sounds strange, since Ancient Greek and English are very different, and to attempt to maintain a Greek sound makes things worse, if you ask me. And why did he use Latinized names for Achilles, and Olympus, for example? If he used Latinized names, then he should not have used more Greek names. If he used the more Greek names, then he should not have used Latinized names. It is inconsistent.
Therefore, I conclude that (most of) the Latin names are better to use in English than the Greek names. The only reason I use the Greek names sometimes is for the sake of the people of this website, since most people are more familiar and comfortable with the Greek names.
(I would like to add that Greek names sometimes have annoying clusters, whereas I do not believe Latin does)