Eos is the Greek goddess of the dawn. She is apart of the second-generation of Titans, daughter of Hyperion and Theia and sister to Helios (the Sun) and Selene (the Moon). Her Roman counterpart is Aurora.
Eos rose up into the sky from the world-encircling river Oceanus at the start of each day, and with her rays of light dispersed the mists of night. She was sometimes depicted riding in a golden chariot drawn by winged horses, at other times she was shown borne aloft by her own pair of wings.
Eos had an unquenchable desire for handsome young men. Some say it was the result of a curse laid upon her by the goddess Aphrodite. Her lovers included Orion, Phaeton, Kephalos, and Tithonos, three of which she ravished away to distant lands.
The Trojan prince Tithonos became her official consort. When the goddess petitioned Zeus to make Tithonos immortal, she forgot to also request eternal youth and in time he shriveled up by old age and transformed into a grasshopper. By Tithonos, she was the mother of Memnon, an Aethiopian king who fought on the side of the Trojans in the Trojan War. When Memnon was slain by Achilles, Eos was said to have shed tears of dew.
Eos was closely identified with Hemera, the primordial goddess of day. In some myths, such as the tales of Orion and Kephalos, Eos stood virtually as a non-virginal substitute for Artemis.
The Curse of Eos
Aphrodite placed a curse upon Eos, because she had slept with Ares. This curse filled her heart with constant passion, causing her to fall in love with a train of mortals: Orion, Tithonos, Kephalos, and Kleitos.
Eos is described by the poets as a beautiful maiden with rosy arms and fingers, and large wings, whose plumage is of an ever-changing hue; she bears a star on her forehead, and a torch in her hand. Wrapping round her the rich folds of her violet-tinged mantle, she leaves her couch before the break of day, and herself yokes her two horses, Lampetus and Phaethon, to her glorious chariot. She then hastens with active cheerfulness to open the gates of heaven, in order to herald the approach of her brother, the god of day, whilst the tender plants and flowers, revived by the morning dew, lift their heads to welcome her as she passes.
Although Eos does not formally appear, she is referred to by Percy Jackson when he calls five o'clock in the morning "an ungodly hour, unless you're the goddess of dawn".
In Percy Jackson's Greek Gods, Eos is described as a beautiful winged woman in a rose-colored gown, with "the reddest hands" Phaeton had ever seen.
Eos presumably possesses the standard powers of a Titan.
- Photokinesis: As the Titaness of the Dawn, Eos has divine authority and absolute control over light.
- Dew Manipulation: As Eos' tears were said to be the cause of dew, it is reasonable and logical to deduce that she has divine authority and absolute control over dew.
- Flight: Eos is able to fly through her wings.
- One of her sons, Eosphoros (Phosphorus), is sometimes equated with the fallen angel Lucifer, his name meaning "light-bearer".
- She is often equated with Hemera, the primordial goddess of day.
- According to some ancient texts, it was Artemis who was originally known as the goddess of dawn.
- Her Egyptian equivalent is Khepri.
- Her Norse equivalent is Delling.
- The Eos family is a prominent family of main belt asteroids, named after her.
- Unlike her siblings Helios and Selene, Eos is the only one not stated to have faded.
- The Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis are named after her Roman counterpart, Aurora.
- She was said to open the gates of heaven for her brother Helios, so that he could pass with the Sun Chariot. As her brother was faded, it is possible that she currently open the gates for Apollo.