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Greece, also known as the Hellenic Republic, is a country in South-Eastern Europe and in Greek mythology, the place where the Greek Gods were born.

Geography and Greece in the Modern World

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic and historically Hellas (or the Republic of Greece in English), is a country in Europe. It consists of a mainland, the Peloponnese Peninsula, and over 2,000 islands. Although geographically located at the continent's southeast, it is generally included in Western Europe. Greece has land borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Athens is the capital and the largest city in the country. Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains or hills, making the country one of the most mountainous in Europe. Mount Olympus, the mythical abode of the gods, culminates at Mytikas peak 2,917 m (9,570 ft), the highest in the country.

The Greek Flag.

Most people make their living by farming; olives grow on the dry hillsides, while hardly sheep and goats thrive in the rugged landscape. Greece is the world's third-largest producer of olive oil, and also exports citrus fruits, grapes, and tomatoes. With one of the largest merchant fleets in the world, Greece is a seafaring nation -- people and goods travel by boat. In recent years, tourism has transformed the Greek economy. Millions of visitors are attracted to Greece by its landscape, and by its rich history as the birthplace of democracy in the 5th century B.C. 


Rulers Of Macedonia:

Alexander I (496–454 B.C.)

Perdikkas II (454–413 B.C.)

Archelaos I (413–399 B.C.)

Aeropos II (398–395 B.C.)

Amyntas II (395–394 B.C.)

Amyntas III (393–370 B.C.)

Perdiccas III (365–359 B.C.)

Philip II (360/59–336 B.C.)

Alexander the Great (336–323 B.C.)

Alexander the Great

Philip III Arrhidaios (323–317 B.C.)

Alexander IV (323–310 B.C.)

Olympias (317–316 B.C.)

Cassander (315–297 B.C.)

Philip IV (297 B.C.)

Antipatros and Alexander V (297–294 B.C.)

Demetrios I Poliorketes (294–288 B.C.)

Pyrrhos of Epeiros (288/7–285 B.C.)

Lysimachos (288/7–281 B.C.)

Seleukus (281 B.C.)

Ptolemaios Keraunos (281–279 B.C.)

Antigonos II Gonatas (ca. 277–239 B.C.)

Demetrios II (239–229 B.C.)

Antigonos III Doson (ca. 229–222 B.C)

Philip V (222–179 B.C.)

Perseus (179–168 B.C.)

Rulers Of The Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt:

Ptolemy I Soter (306–282 B.C.)

Ptolemy II Philadelphos (284–246 B.C)

Ptolemy III Euergetes (246–222 B.C.)

Ptolemy IV Philopator (222–204 B.C.)

Ptolemy V Epiphanes (210–180 B.C.)

Cleopatra I (180–177 B.C.)

Ptolemy VI Philometor (180–164, 163–145 B.C.)

Cleopatra II (170–115 B.C.)

Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Physkon (170–163, 145–116 B.C.)

Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (145–144 B.C.)

Ptolemy IX Soter II Lathyros (116–107, 88–81 B.C.)

Cleopatra III (140–101 B.C.)

Ptolemy X Alexander I (107–88 B.C.)

Berenike III (100–80 B.C.)

Ptolemy XI Alexander II (80 B.C.)

Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Auletes (80–58, 55–51 B.C.)

Cleopatra V (80–69 B.C.)


Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator

Berenike IV and Cleopatra VI (58–55 B.C.)

Ptolemy XIII (51–47 B.C.)

Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (51–30 B.C.)

Ptolemy XIV (47–44 B.C.)

Caesarion (44–30 B.C.)

The Seleucid Dynasty, Rulers in Asia Minor:

Seleukos I Nikator (305–281 B.C.)

Antichos I Soter (294 or 293–281)

Antiochos II Theos (261–246 B.C.)

Seleukos II Kallinikos (246–226/5 B.C.)

Seleukos III (226/5–223 B.C.)

Antiochos III Megas (223–187 B.C.)

Seleukos IV Philopator (187–175 B.C.)

Antiochos IV Epiphanes (175–164 B.C.)

Antiochos V Eupator (164–162 B.C.)

Demetrios I Soter (162–150 B.C.)

Alexander Balas (150–145 B.C.)

Demetrios II Nikator (145–140, 129–126/5 B.C.)

Antiochos VI Epiphanes (145–142 B.C.)

Diodotos (142–139/8 B.C.)

Antiochos VII Sidetes (139/8–129 B.C.)

Kleopatra Thea (126/5–123 B.C)

Antiochos VIII Grypos (126/5–96 B.C.)

Seleukos V (126 B.C.)

Antiochos IX Philopator (114/3–95 B.C.)

Seleukos VI (95 B.C.)

Antiochos X Eusebes Philopator (95 B.C.)

Demetrios III Philopator Soter (95–88 B.C.)

Antiochos XI Epiphanes Philadelphos (95 B.C.)

Philip I (95–84/3 B.C.)

Antiochos XII Dionysos (87 B.C.)

Philip II (84/3 B.C.)

Antiochos XIII Philadelphos (69–63 B.C.)

The Attalids, Rulers of Pergamon:

Philetairos (283–263 B.C.)

Eumenes I (263–241 B.C.)

Attalos I Soter (241–197 B.C.)

Eumenes II Soter (197–159/8 B.C.)

Attalos II (159/8–139/8 B.C.)

Attalos III (139/8–133 B.C.)

Aristonikos (133–129 B.C.)

Rulers of Pontus:

Mithridates I (ca. 280–ca. 266 B.C.)

Ariobarzanes (ca. 266–ca. 255 B.C.)

Mithridates II (ca. 255–ca. 220 B.C.)

Mithridates III (ca. 220–ca. 185 B.C.)

Pharnaces I (ca. 185–ca. 170 B.C.)

Mithridates IV Philopator (ca. 170–ca. 150 B.C.)

Mithridates V Euergetes (ca. 150–120 B.C.)

Mithridates VI Eupator (ca. 120–63 B.C.)

Rulers of Baktria:

Diodotos I (256–248 B.C.)

Diodotos II (248–235 B.C.)

Euthydemos I (ca. 235–ca. 200 B.C.)

Euthydemos II (ca. 200–ca. 190 B.C.)

Demetrios I (ca. 200–ca. 185 B.C.)

Antimachos I (ca. 195–ca. 185 B.C.)

Pantaleon (ca. 185–ca. 180 B.C.)

Demetrios II (ca. 185–ca. 175 B.C.)

Agathokles (ca. 180–ca. 165 B.C.)

Eukratides I (ca. 171–ca. 155 B.C.)

Agathokleia and Menandros (ca. 155–ca. 130 B.C.)

Kalliope and Hermaios (ca. 75–ca. 55 B.C.)

Mount Olympus

In Greek mythology, Olympus was regarded as the "home" of the Olympian gods of the Ancient Greek world. It formed itself after the gods defeated the Titans, their parents, in the Titan War, and soon the palace was inhabited by the gods. It is the setting of many Greek mythical stories, including Percy Jackson and the Olympians series. In Percy Jackson and the Olympians, it is the Empire State Building, since it is one of the tallest in America, and symbolically one of the most important. Mount Olympus was not shaken by winds, nor ever wet with rain. Snow had not fallen upon it, the air is outspread clear and cloudless, and over it hovered a radiant whiteness. Since it is like this, it might be the reason the Greeks chose this mountain as the "home of the gods."

Mount Olympus

Mount Othrys

Mount Othrys is a mountain in Central Greece in the northeastern part of Phthiotis and southern part of Magnesia. The mountaintop is at the prefectural and the regional border at 1,728 m.

In Greek mythology Mount Othrys was the base of the Titans during the ten year war with the Olympian gods known as the Titanomachy. It was assaulted by the Greek gods, led by Zeus. Zeus later overthrew his father and gained dominion of all of the heavens and the earth.

Mount Othyrs

Percy Jackson and the Olympians

Greece was where Western Civilization was born, and it means that all civilizations after it had a piece of its culture. It is mentioned many times throughout the series and is considered the first home of the Olympians. As Western Civilization centered itself in other nations, the gods moved with along with it. In one instance, the gods also changed their names, appearances, and personalities to suit the nation Western Civilization's flame had settled in. Mount Olympus is moved to be placed over the Empire State Building in New York City, and Mount Othrys is moved to be placed over Mount Tamalpais. Greece is the original home of Mount Olympus, the home of the Olympians, and of Mount Othrys, the home of the Titans.

The Heroes of Olympus

It is mentioned that many of the main characters believe the Giants, the new enemies of the gods, will go to Greece to destroy the gods. The reason is that so they can destroy them at their eldest roots, instead of attacking the West (where the gods were the strongest) directly, like Kronos, the Titan did.

The House of Hades

It is mentioned that the destined seven of the prophecy would go to Greece to close the door of Tartarus on the mortal side.

The Blood of Olympus

The crew of the Argo II makes their way to Athens.


  • Greece is one of two countries in Europe to consist of a peninsula and an archipelago, the other being Denmark.
    • Interestingly, the now out of power Greek royal family are descendents of the Danish royal family with King George I of Greece, born Prince William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Gluucksberg, being a Danish prince by birth, the second son of King Christian IX of Denmark. Due to being male line descendants of a Danish king, the members of the Greek royal family are styled as princes and princesses of Greece and Denmark. Notable individuals to hold the title are Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (husband of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom), and the former Queen Sophia of Spain.
      • However George I of Greece was not the first king of Greece, he was elected king after the first Greek king- Otto of Greece who was a Bavarian prince, was ousted due to being unpopular among both the people and politicians of Greece.

See also

Locations (CHB)
Magical Locations: Aeolia | Antaeus' Arena | Camp Fish-Blood | Camp Half-Blood | Camp Jupiter | Cave of Trophonius | C.C.'s Spa and Resort | Daedalus' Workshop | Labyrinth | Lotus Hotel and Casino | Mount Othrys | Ogygia | Olympus | Pan's Cave | Tarquin's Tomb | Sea of Monsters | Tartarus | Underworld | Waystation
Cities and Towns: Atlanta | Athens | Anchorage | Bar Harbor | Berkeley | Bologna | Buford | Charleston | Chesapeake Beach | Chicago | Colorado Springs | Denver | Detroit | Évora | Gila Claw | Houston | Indianapolis | Jamestown | Keeseville | Los Angeles | Las Vegas | Leeds Point | Malibu | Miami | Montauk | Nashville | New Orleans | Newark | New York City | Oakland | Omaha | Palm Springs | Paris | Pasadena | Philadelphia | Quebec City | Richmond | Rome | San Francisco | San Juan | Santa Barbara | Santa Monica | Seward | Sparta | Split | Seattle | St. Augustine | St. Louis | Tahlequah | Vancouver | Venice | Virginia Beach | Washington, D.C. | Westport
Administrative Divisions: Alaska | Alentejo | Arizona | British Columbia | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Dalmatia | Florida | Georgia | Illinois | Indiana | Kansas | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Michigan | Missouri | Nebraska | Nevada | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Puerto Rico | Quebec | South Carolina | Tennessee | Texas | United States Virgin Islands | Utah | Virginia | Washington
Countries: Canada | Croatia | France | Greece | Italy | Portugal | United States of America
Continents: Africa | Europe | North America
Other Locations: Atlantic Ocean | Apennine Mountains | Aunty Em's Gnome Emporium | Brooklyn | Caldecott Tunnel | Calvert Peninsula | Caribbean Sea | Carlsbad Caverns | Central Park | Charleston Harbor | Crusty's Water Bed Palace | Empire State Building | Gateway Arch | Grand Canyon | Hell's Kitchen | Hoover Dam | Junkyard of the Gods | Long Island | Mediterranean Sea | Mississippi River | Mount Diablo | Mount Etna | Mount Saint Helens | Mount Tamalpais | Mount Vesuvius | Nero's Tower | Oakland Airport | Oracle of Delphi | Panama Canal | Pacific Ocean | Pikes Peak | Plaza Hotel | Polyphemus' Island | Queens | Rocky Mountains | Rainbow Organic Foods & Lifestyles | Roman Empire | San Francisco Bay | St. Thomas | Triple G Ranch | United Nations Headquarters | Waterland