Geography and Greece in the Modern World
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic and historically Hellas (or the Republic of Greece in English), is a country in Europe. It consists of a mainland, the Peloponnese Peninsula, and over 2,000 islands. Although geographically located at the continent's southeast, it is generally included in Western Europe. Greece has land borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Athens is the capital and the largest city in the country. Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains or hills, making the country one of the most mountainous in Europe. Mount Olympus, the mythical abode of the gods, culminates at Mytikas peak 2,917 m (9,570 ft), the highest in the country.
Most people make their living by farming; olives grow on the dry hillsides, while hardly sheep and goats thrive in the rugged landscape. Greece is the world's third-largest producer of olive oil, and also exports citrus fruits, grapes, and tomatoes. With one of the largest merchant fleets in the world, Greece is a seafaring nation -- people and goods travel by boat. In recent years, tourism has transformed the Greek economy. Millions of visitors are attracted to Greece by its landscape, and by its rich history as the birthplace of democracy in the 5th century B.C.
In Greek mythology, Olympus was regarded as the "home" of the Olympian gods of the Ancient Greek world. It formed itself after the gods defeated the Titans, their parents, in the Titan War, and soon the palace was inhabited by the gods. It is the setting of many Greek mythical stories, including Percy Jackson and The Olympians series. In Percy Jackson and the Olympians, it is the Empire State Building, since it is one of the tallest in America, and symbolically one of the most important. Mount Olympus was not shaken by winds, nor ever wet with rain. Snow had not fallen upon it, the air is outspread clear and cloudless, and over it hovered a radiant whiteness. Since it is like this, it might be the reason the Greeks chose this mountain as the "home of the gods."
Mount Othrys is a mountain in Central Greece in the northeastern part of Phthiotis and southern part of Magnesia. The mountaintop is at the prefectural and the regional border at 1,728 m.In Greek mythology Mount Othrys was the base of the Titans during the ten year war with the Olympian gods known as the Titanomachy. It was assaulted by the Greek gods, led by Zeus. Zeus later overthrew his father and gained dominion of all of the heavens and the earth.
Greece was where Western Civilization was born, and it means that all civilizations after it had a piece of its culture. It is mentioned many times throughout the series and is considered the first home of the Olympians. As Western Civilization centered itself in other nations, the gods moved with along with it. In one instance, the gods also changed their names, appearances, and personalities to suit the nation Western Civilization's flame had settled in. Mount Olympus is moved to be placed over the Empire State Building in New York City, and Mount Othrys is moved to be placed over Mount Tamalpais. Greece is the original home of Mount Olympus, the home of the Olympians, and of Mount Othrys, the home of the Titans.
It is mentioned that many of the main characters believe the Giants, the new enemies of the gods, will go to Greece to destroy the gods. The reason is that so they can destroy them at their eldest roots, instead of attacking the West (where the gods were the strongest) directly, like Kronos, the Titan did.