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You understand nothing. My first family: dead. My life wasted on ridiculous quests. My second wife dead, after being tricked into poisoning me and leaving me to a painful demise. And my compensation? I got to become a minor god. Immortal, so I can never forget my pain. Stuck here as a gatekeeper, a doorman, a… a butler for the Olympians. No, you don’t understand.

–Hercules to Jason Grace on his circumstances in The Mark of Athena.

Hercules is regarded as one of the greatest Ancient Greek heroes of all time. He was born as the Greek demigod son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmene. Hercules married Hebe, the goddess of youth, after attaining godhood. His original Greek counterpart is Heracles (meaning "Glory of Hera").


Strangling snakes as a baby.

Hercules' life was always beset with danger. Zeus was tricked by Hera into boasting that the next of the line of Perseus would be king of all of Mycenae so Hera delayed Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth, from Hercules being born until after Eurystheus was. Shortly after she sent snakes to kill him, but he strangled them with his bare hands.

In one story, Hera was tricked by Athena into suckling a young Hercules which is where most of his great strength came from, and he bit so hard that when she pulled him away, the milk created the Milky Way. This was probably the reason as there are no other known myths that involve superhuman strength in any other of the children of the Big Three. Percy holding up the sky does not count because he did that due to his pure heart (as explained by Poseidon).

Eventually, Hercules was sent to train with Chiron. At one point Hercules was offered a choice between a life of hardship and glory or a life of ease and comfort. He chose the first. Hercules often had problems controlling his temper and great strength. He would often be punished by being made a slave for a number of years or exiled from the city as a result, but he always willingly submitted to punishment. If wronged, he would often take revenge even if many years had passed. One such instance was when he killed a sea monster for King Laomedon of Troy in exchange for magical horses. When Laomedon refused to pay him, Hercules returned years later to take revenge by sacking the city and nearly wiping out Laomedon's entire family.

Hercules's feud with Hera continued all throughout his life, but reached an apex when she drove him to madness and made him kill his own family. His famous Twelve Labors came about as punishment to purify him of this deed.

Aside from the Twelve Labors, Hercules had many other adventures and during that time he loved many women, fathering many children. At some point he aided the gods during the first Gigantomachy since a demigod was needed to kill the giants.

Late in life, Hercules took Deianeira as his wife. The centaur Nessus offers to carry Deianeira across a fast flowing river while Hercules swims it. However, Nessus is true to the archetype of the mischievous centaur, and tries to steal Deineira away while Hercules is still in the water. Angry, Hercules shoots him with his arrows dipped in the poisonous blood of the Lernaean Hydra. Thinking of revenge, Nessus tells Deianira to take a couple of drops of his blood if she thinks that Hercules' love will ever fade for her. Deianeira takes the blood thinking of the many ladies that would like to steal her husband.

One day while Hercules is away at war, he won a great victory and sent a messenger for his best tunic to celebrate. Deianeira, thinking that Hercules wants his best tunic to look good for a lady, takes Nessus' blood and paints it on the tunic. Lichas, the herald, soon delivers the tunic to Hercules. However, because it is covered in the Hydra's blood from Hercules' arrow, it poisons him, tearing his skin and exposing his bones.

Zeus, his father.

Before he dies, Hercules throws Lichas into the sea, thinking he was the one who poisoned him (according to several versions, Lichas turns to stone, becoming a rock standing in the sea, named for him). Hercules then uproots several trees and builds a funeral pyre which Poeas (the father of Philoctetes) lights. Through Zeus' apotheosis, Hercules rises to Olympus as he dies. No one but Hercules' friend Philoctetes (or his father, Poeas in some versions) would light his funeral pyre (in an alternate version, it is Iolaus who lights the pyre). For this action, Philoctetes received Hercules' bow and arrows, which were later needed by the Greeks to defeat Troy in the Trojan War. The Trojan War, however, would continue until the Trojan Horse was used to defeat Troy. Philoctetes confronted Paris and shot a poisoned arrow at him. The Hydra poison would subsequently lead to the death of Paris.

As for Hercules, when he is brought to Mount Olympus, Hera ended up dropping her vendetta against him while Hercules ended up marrying Hebe, the goddess of eternal youth and Hera and Zeus' daughter.

Some stories relate that Hercules' mortal half was sent to the Underworld and later encountered by Odysseus.


One of the things he is most known for are the twelve labors he had to complete for King Eurystheus. These were a series of "labors" that were given to him to purify him after he was cursed with madness by Hera, causing him to murder his wife and children. His labors include:

  1. Slaying the Nemean Lion.
  2. Slaying the Hydra.
  3. Capturing the Ceryneian Hind, the golden stag of Artemis.
  4. Capturing the Erymanthian Boar.
  5. Cleaning the Augean Stables in a day.
  6. Slaying the Stymphalian Birds.
  7. Capturing the Cretan Bull.
  8. Stealing the Man-Eating Mares of Diomedes.
  9. Obtaining the Girdle of the Amazon Queen Hippolyta.
  10. Obtaining the cattle owned by Geryon.
  11. Stealing the apples of the Garden of the Hesperides.
  12. Capturing and bringing back Cerberus from the Underworld.

The original labors were only ten, but King Eurystheus claimed that slaying the Hydra - because he had help while burning the ends of the necks - and cleaning the Augean Stables - because he was paid - which made the deed not count.

Hercules had many miscellaneous adventures including:

  • Killing Antaeus and Cacus.
  • Going on the quest for the Golden Fleece (temporarily).
  • Besieging Troy along with Telamon (father of Ajax) and Peleus (Argonaut and father of Achilles). After razing Troy, Hercules slew most of the royal family and only Priam survived. This war was the predecessor of the famous Trojan War.
  • Killing Periclymenus over his expedition against the city of Pylos.
  • Killing Lityerses, the Reaper of Men.
  • Inventing the combat art of Pankration with Theseus and later rescuing him from the Underworld.
  • Slew Kyknos, a son of Ares who built a temple to his father out of the skulls of travelers he killed.
  • Killed the Trojan Sea Monster.
  • Helping the gods kill the giants in the first Gigantomachy.

Battles with Gods

Hercules is famous for battling (and sometimes even defeating) more gods than any other Greek hero.

  • Ares battled Hercules several times. Once at Pylos, where Ares was completely defeated. In another, he tried to save the life of his son Kyknos who tried to murder Hercules, but the intervention of Athena delayed Ares long enough for Hercules to wound him, sending him back to Olympus.
  • Hercules wrestled with and overpowered Nereus, despite the latter attempting to break free via shapeshifting.
  • Hercules is recorded to have wounded both Hera and Hades with his arrows at the battle of Pylos forcing both to retreat.
  • He battled Apollo over the Oracle of Delphi who Hercules tried to strangle and again at Pylos. The first time, Zeus broke it up with a thunderbolt and later Apollo gained the upper hand and drove Hercules back.
  • Hercules wrestled the river-god Achelous for the hand of Deianeira. He won, even though Achelous shapeshifted into a bull and a snake.
  • Hercules wrestled and defeated Thanatos on behalf of his friend Admetus, rescuing his wife.
  • He fought the giant Porphyrion alongside Zeus and slew him with his arrows.
  • He also defeated many other giants alongside other gods such as Alcyoneus.

Percy Jackson and the Olympians

The Lightning Thief

Hercules is mentioned by a Nereid during a meeting underwater with Percy Jackson. He is mentioned along two others who had escaped the Underworld.

The Sea of Monsters

Talking to Hermes at Camp Half-Blood's beach, Percy says that Hercules was his favourite hero because he had such "rotten luck." It made Percy feel better about his own plight.

The Titan's Curse

Thalia, his half-sister.

Hercules is mentioned, and Percy dreams from his point of view. Zoë Nightshade was the one who gave him the ideas for several of his labors, including how to steal the Apples of the Hesperides. Hercules however, never even mentioned her and took full credit for the deed, which could have possibly been because of fear of having to do more labors. However, once he learns how Hercules treated his friend, he changes his mind about him being his favorite hero. Percy's sword, Anaklusmos, was originally owned by Hercules which was given to him by Zoë.

The Battle of the Labyrinth

When Percy must clean the stables of Geryon's carnivorous horses, he tries to clean them with water from a river, but a naiad won't let him, saying that she was tricked by another hero long ago into letting him use water from her river to clean the stables. This was a reference to Hercules' fifth labor in which he cleaned the Augean Stables with water from a river.

The Last Olympian

When Percy was getting prepared to battle, he was sent on some familiar labours which he had to complete, just like Hercules did.

The Heroes of Olympus

The Lost Hero

While fighting with the Giant Porphyrion, Jason Grace said he killed the sea monster of Troy (Keto Trois), originally killed by Hercules.

The Demigod Diaries

The Diary of Luke Castellan

When Luke Castellan gave Annabeth Chase her knife, he commented that demigods needed to defend themselves. He justifies giving a seven year old Annabeth a knife by saying that Hercules was only a baby when he strangled two snakes in his crib.

Percy Jackson and the Staff of Hermes

While Percy and Annabeth are fighting the giant Cacus for Hermes' Caduceus, Cacus mentions that only Hercules was ever able to defeat him. When Percy looks at Annabeth and asks why it is always Hercules, Annabeth comments that he had a good publicist.

The Mark of Athena

Jason, his half-brother.

Hercules is seen guarding a magic island at the Pillars of Hercules, the entrance into the Mediterranean Sea. He reveals that after his death, Zeus made him a minor god and doorkeeper of the ancient lands. Due to this and other reasons, he has a great amount of bitterness and resentment toward the Olympians and his life as a whole. He gives a quest to Jason Grace and Piper McLean to take the horn of Achelous, for the seven demigods on board the Argo II to get permission to pass into the sea because the horn would turn into a cornucopia which Hercules greatly desired. A normal quest he'd give demigods would be something like "Singing a Silly Song" but the quest he gives Piper and Jason is "extra-hard" because he never wants to do anything Hera wants. (Hera was the one who gave the demigods the quest so he doesn't want to help). After Piper and Jason return with the horn, Piper decides to not give the horn to him, and drowns the god in food from the Cornucopia. The seven demigods then escape on the Argo II because Jason calls up the wind and they shoot for the sky. Percy shoots a ten foot wave of ocean over Hercules' head so he can't get up again.

The House of Hades

He was mentioned by the kerkopes brothers Passalos and Akmon. They gave him the nickname "Black-Bottom", because his bottom had turned black from sunburn and dirt. Percy Jackson also remembers Jason and Piper's meeting Hercules when he saw Akhlys who had Hercules' shield.

The Blood of Olympus

Jason Grace remembers what Hercules said about being a son of Zeus before he mentioned Hera to him.

Magnus Chase and the Gods of Asgard

The Ship of the Dead

It is mentioned that Sumarbrander, the Sword of Summer and his former wielder, the Norse god Frey, met Hercules at one point. Sumarbrander seemed unimpressed by the acquaintance.


As a mortal, Hercules was renowned for his extraordinary courage and his willingness to go to great lengths to help those he cared for. He was also willing to atone for any mistakes that he knew he made, even if those meant doing things he didn't want such as serving others a slave. Hercules was a passionate, emotionally untempered man with an impulsive nature. Percy's vision in The Titan's Curse showed him to be both confident and proud but also selfish, abandoning Zoe and refusing to help her after she helped him. It is notable that Hercules was able to bear Atlas' celestial burden, which, according to Poseidon, can only be done by one with not only great strength and courage, but also a true heart. In Percy Jackson's Greek Heroes, he was, notably, the only male Argonaut not to be swayed by the women of Lemnos showing he had some good self control.

As a god, Hercules has grown bitter and resentful toward the Olympians especially Zeus and Hera. He resents having to constantly live up to expectations as the son of Zeus only for it to never be enough. After he was made immortal he was relegated to the position of a minor god eternally subservient to Hera and forced to live with the memories of his mortal life brought by her persecution. Being stuck on an island forever only increased his feelings. He strongly dislikes his reputation in the mortal world as an animal-skin wearing barbarian and his legend being tarnished in certain films. In The Mark of Athena, Hercules is shown to still hate Hera, to such an extent that he is willing to make the Seven Heroes of Olympus' quest "extra-hard" only because she was responsible for bringing them together, despite the fact that Hercules hates the Giants as well. He also seemed to be quite cruel, as he only wished to take Achelous' horn merely to taunt him and make him miserable. He also threatened to kill all of the questers if Jason and Piper were to fail in their quest to retrieve Achelous' horn.


In Percy's dream in The Titan's Curse, Hercules is described as wearing an old-fashioned Greek tunic, and laced leather sandals, with the Nemean Lion's Pelt wrapped around his back like a cape, with the paws tied around his neck and the head covering his head, akin to a hood. His voice is described as deep and confident.

In The Mark of Athena, Hercules is described as a tall and well built, but not too stocky, a black-haired man that appears to be only twenty. He is barefoot (with his feet covered in white sand) and wears long flowing purple robes (which are white in his Greek form, Heracles), which, according to Piper, made him look somewhat like a Catholic bishop. Hercules's ebony-black hair is close-cropped, in a Roman style, while his beard is "fashionably scruffy", much like that of Tristan McLean, which Piper described as a "I just happened not to shave for two days and I still look awesome look." Hercules has Zeus's brilliant electric-blue eyes, coppery skin, "as if he’d spent his entire life on a tanning bed", and is overall very handsome in a rugged, but not-at-all-caveman way (contrary to most stereotypical modern re-imaginings of Hercules). His voice is once again described as deep, but also somewhat casual and very modern. When enraged, however, Hercules' neck veins turn "as purple as his robes", and his expression quickly becomes like the cliffs of Gibraltar — "a solid, unforgiving sheet of stone."

Hercules wields a mighty club, which Piper describes as an oversized baseball bat: a five-foot-long polished cylinder of mahogany with a leather handgrip studded in bronze. Due to his island warm climate, Hercules rarely wears his Nemean Lion's Pelt there.

Since Hercules had once held the celestial burden of Atlas, he would have acquired a grey streak in his black hair, though, as in the case of Percy and Annabeth, it would have eventually faded overtime.


Hercules, as a child of Zeus, one of the Big Three, was an extremely powerful demigod (and later, full-fledged god), with his abilities being much more potent than those of any other demigods of his era, with his half-brother Jason even going as far as calling Hercules the most powerful demigod of all time. Hercules' natural abilities included:

  • ADHD: Like most demigods, Hercules possesses inborn supernatural battle reflexes and senses that he uses to analyze the fighting style of his opponent.
  • Massive Strength: Hercules's signature and most famous ability was his legendary incredible superhuman strength (as well as his mental fortitude), which came from his parentage, as well as him having once drunk Hera's breast milk as an infant. As a result, Hercules overpowered 50 of Diomedes' men simultaneously, defeated quite a few formidably skilled Amazons, overpowered numerous fearsome monsters (most notably Cerberus himself), defeated the gods Thanatos, Nereus and Achelous, stalemated Apollo himself in a duel, helped the Olympians slay the mighty Giants (notably carrying the massive Alcyoneus outside of the latter's home territory), and even managed to take up Atlas' celestial burden for a short while (which also requires a true heart and great courage) in Percy Jackson's Greek Heroes. In The Mark of Athena, Hercules was able to hurl coconuts at the distant Argo II with enough force to have them embedded in the ship's Celestial Bronze hull.
  • Bravery and Courage Sensing: As the God of Courage/Bravery Hercules more then likely posses influence over this emotions. Such examples of this power would be easing battle jitters, making someone blindingly confident and taking away the courage, leaving only a cowardly mess. It is also possible that his powers can counter that of Phobos and Deimos as Courage is the natural remedy for fear and panic.
  • As the Patron of Heroes: It is likely he had some influence and connection to Heroes, more then likely being able to intervene more had he not been anchored at the Gates to the Old world.
  • Strength Granting: As the God of Strength it is likely he can bestow similar strength to others either temporarily or permanently.
  • Fighting Skills: As seen in Percy Jackson's Greek Heroes, Hercules was an extremely skilled warrior, most frequently utilizing a heavy club in battle. He was also formidable in hand-to-hand combat, even inventing the combat art of pankration with Theseus.
  • Archery: As seen in Percy Jackson's Greek Heroes, Hercules was an extremely skilled archer, rarely missing a target with his poisonous Hydra arrows (which left incurable lethal wounds). He also notably easily defeated Eurytius in an archery contest, swiftly shot down Geryon's three bodies simultaneously, managed to hit fast centaur Nessus, and even the extremely fast Ceryneian Hind without killing it.
  • Aerokinesis: As a son of Zeus, Hercules presumably has the ability to control and manipulate air though this was never shown.
  • Electrokinesis: As a son of Zeus, Hercules presumably has the ability to control lightning and static electricity though this was never shown.
  • Mental Fortitude: Hercules is shown to be immune to Piper's Charmspeak in The Mark of Athena showing his willpower.


Hercules is married to Hebe, but is known to to have other relationships outside of his marriage (a trait he inherited from his father).

Partner Offspring
  • Therimachus
  • Creontiades
  • Ophitus
  • Deicoon
Astydameia, daughter of Ormenius
  • Ctesippus
Astyoche, daughter of Phylas
Autonoe, daughter of Piraeus/Iphinoe, daughter of Antaeus
  • Palaemon
Baletia, daughter of Baletus
  • Brettus
  • Bargasus
  • Celtus
Chania (nymph)
  • Gelon
  • Agathyrsus
  • Gelonus
  • Skythes
  • Thestalus
Lavinia, daughter of Evander
  • Pallas
Malis, a slave of Omphale
  • Acelus
Melite (naiad)
  • Hyllus (possibly)
Palantho of Hyperborea
  • Latinus
Parthenope, daughter of Stymphalus
  • Everes
  • Aechmagoras
Rhea, Italian priestess
Thebe, daughter of Adramys
Tinge, wife of Antaeus
Fifty daughters of Thespius
Unnamed Celtic woman
  • Galates
Unnamed slave of Omphale
Unknown consorts


Hercules' original Greek name was Heracles which meant “Glory of Hera”. Since he was named after Hera, he hated his name. He was renamed Hercules by the Romans. Unlike many of the Olympians, Hercules claims he did not develop an alternate aspect. He remains the same regardless of the pantheon and at times only suffers slight headaches.


  • Hercules has different fictional versions depicted in many kinds of culture including film, comics, and video games.
  • While as a demigod he could throw massive boulders and monsters, like the Hydra, around with little effort, it remains unknown how powerful his strength is as a full fledged god. It is presumably at a high level though as he said he could kill Piper with "a flick of his finger" and "break the Argo II in half with his bare hands", he was also able to throw coconuts fast enough for them to get stuck in the bronze hull of the Argo II.
  • It was often said in the myths that he was, and possibly still is, Zeus' favorite child.
  • Hercules was taught archery by King Eurytus of Oechalia (who was a student and grandson of Apollo) and wrestling by Autolycus (son of Hermes and grandfather of Odysseus).
  • Zeus fathered Hercules to serve as Olympus' mortal champion in the first Gigantomachy. It was prophesied that without a mortal to fight beside and kill the giants, the Olympians would have lost the war.
  • Hercules is the half-brother and great-grandson of Perseus.
  • Hercules is a legacy of Zeus through Perseus.
  • In Percy Jackson and the Olympians, Hercules is called by his Roman name instead of his Greek name by everyone throughout the books. The only exception to this is in The Sea of Monsters, Hermes asks Percy which constellation he liked best, and Percy's reply was "Heracles" (though it was changed to Hercules in the paperback version). In The Lost Hero, Jason Grace, a Roman demigod, calls him by his Greek name: "Heracles".
    • Ironically, Achelous is the only Greek god to refer to him as "Heracles" over "Hercules", while the Roman gods Juno, Bacchus, and Mars refer to him as Heracles in The Lost Hero, The Mark of Athena, and The House of Hades respectively.
  • His original Greek name, Herakles, means “Glory of Hera” in honor of Hera, who (ironically) didn't show any affection towards him until his eventual death and rise to godhood.
  • Of all the Seven Demigods, Percy Jackson, son of Poseidon, shares the most number of similarities with Hercules:
    • Both are the sons of the Big Three.
    • Both killed a snake(s), when they were toddlers.
    • Both were trained by Chiron.
    • Both fought the Nemean Lion and wore its pelt for protection.
    • Both killed the Hydra.
    • Both encountered the Erymanthean Boar.
    • Both cleaned the Augean stables in one day.
    • Both fought and killed many Stymphalian Birds.
    • Both encountered the man eating horses of Diomedes. Hercules captured them while Percy forced them to submission.
    • Both fought Amazons and Centaurs.
    • Both fought and killed Geryon, Cacus and Antaeus.
    • Both entered the Garden of the Hesperides and encountered Ladon.
    • Both held the weight of the Sky.
    • Both journeyed through the Underworld. Hercules went only once while Percy went thrice, even going as far as Tartarus.
    • Both defeated Ares and encountered Thanatos.
    • Both were Argonauts and fought in the Giant War.
  • According to Annabeth Chase, Hercules appears so much in mythology because he had a really good publicist.
  • He is mentioned to be "like the Starbucks of Ancient Greece" by Percy because "everywhere you turn, there he is."
  • Hercules was described by Jason to be the most powerful demigod of all time.
  • When Ares and Mars are arguing, Mars refers to Heracles, but being Roman, he should have referred to Hercules, Heracles' Roman aspect.
  • Tacitus, a Roman senator and historian, associated Hercules with the Norse god Thor.
  • Hercules became an Argonaut while he was on his way to complete his last quest. Once he went back to his quest, he met and freed Theseus around the same time that Jason met Medea. But Theseus encountered Medea early on in his life, and Medea fled to Athens only after killing her and Jason's children. This is currently an unsolved error.


The Heroes of Olympus
Core Series: The Lost Hero | The Son of Neptune | The Mark of Athena | The House of Hades | The Blood of Olympus
Main Characters: Jason Grace | Piper McLean | Leo Valdez | Percy Jackson | Frank Zhang | Hazel Levesque | Annabeth Chase | Reyna Ramírez-Arellano | Nico di Angelo | Gleeson Hedge
Secondary Characters: Hylla Ramírez-Arellano | Dakota | Tyson | Ella | Octavian | Halcyon Green | Dr. Howard Claymore | Alabaster C. Torrington | Lamia | Iapetus/Bob
Minor Characters: Rachel Elizabeth Dare | Grover Underwood | Thalia Grace | Fleecy | Mrs. O'Leary | Kinzie | Arion | Calypso | Lou Ellen Blackstone | Chiron | Will Solace | Tristan McLean | Don | Julia | Jacob | Michael Varus | Burly Black | Medea | Midas | Lityerses | Phineas | Otrera | Echo | Narcissus | Sciron | Pasiphaë
Olympian Gods: Zeus | Hera | Poseidon | Hades | Ares | Demeter | Athena | Apollo | Artemis | Hephaestus | Aphrodite | Hermes | Dionysus
Minor Gods: Achelous | Aeolus | Asclepius | Boreas | Eurus | Hecate | Iris | Hypnos | Keto | Khione | Kymopoleia | Mithras | Nemesis | Nike | Notus | Phorcys | Serapis | Thanatos | Triptolemus | Zephyros
Roman Gods: Jupiter | Juno | Neptune | Pluto | Mars | Minerva | Ceres | Lupa | Bellona | Fortuna | Janus | Terminus | Vulcan | Mercury | Apollo (Roman) | Diana | Venus | Bacchus | Pomona | Aquilon | Hercules | Cupid | Auster | Favonius | Letus | Victoria
Giants: Enceladus | Porphyrion | Alcyoneus | Polybotes | Ephialtes | Otis | Damasen | Clytius | Mimas | Orion | Hippolytos | Thoon | Periboia
Undead: Gray | Zombie
Primordial Gods: Gaea | Tartarus | Ourae | Nyx | Chaos | Ouranos | Akhlys | Hemera | Elpis | Spes
Monsters and Magical Creatures: Cynocephali | Gorgon | Gryphon | Harpy | Basilisk | Lycanthrope | Gegeines | Cyclops | Katobleps | Unicorn | Giant Eagle | Ichthyocentaur | Satyr/Faun | Storm Spirit | Laistrygonian Giant | Lares
Related Content: Rick Riordan | Haley Riordan | Percy Jackson and the Olympians | Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Ultimate Guide | The Demigod Files | The Demigod Diaries | The Son of Sobek | The Singer of Apollo | The Staff of Serapis | Percy Jackson's Greek Gods | Percy Jackson's Greek Heroes | The Crown of Ptolemy | Demigods & Magicians | Demigods of Olympus | Percy Jackson Demigod Collection