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The Mexica Empire, or Aztec Empire, was a large empire in Central America existing between about 1345 AD and 1521 AD.

Fall

Many civilizations before (and after) the Mexica were conquered by explorers and colonizers. But this empire's fall was due to Spanish conquistadors led by the particularly nasty Hernán Cortés.[1] After the states of Tlaxcala and Huexotzingo rebelled and beat the Mexica military, Cortés and the conquistadors arrived at the capital of the empire, Tenochtitlan. Emperor Moctezuma II invited them in, he thought Cortés was a god prophesized to bring them eternal peace. But Cortés took him prisoner, yet even then things were friendly. But when Cortés was away, Spanish soldiers attacked and killed many Aztecs who decided that they have had enough. They killed Moctezuma II, and made his brother, Cuitláhuac, the new emperor, who drove the Spanish out of the city. When he came back, Cortés tried make Motecuhzoma II get everyone to stop but no one listened. The Spanish survivors fled to Tlaxcala where enemies of the Mexicas protected them, that whole night was referred to as La Noche Triste. Cuitláhuac died of smallpox brought from the Spanish ships shortly afterward and Motecuhzoma's nephew, Cuauhtémoc, was made the new emperor.

Ten months later, Hernán Cortés came back to Tenochtitlan with more Spanish soldiers, but they were mostly Tlaxcaltecas and other indigenous enemies of the Mexicas. They had too many enemies as they force them to pay tributes and participate in human sacrifices, Cortés used the hatred of the Empire's enemies to his advantage, using Malintzin, the daughter of a local chieftain, Cortés was able to get them on his side. They all started a siege of Tenochtitlan cutting off the city's water and food supplies.[2] After ninety-one days, without any food and with disease throughout the city, Emperor Cuauhtémoc surrendered to the Spanish and was eventually executed. The Spanish destroyed the capital and started a Spanish colony that they named New Spain ending the Mexica Empire.[3] When most of the remaining population of Mesoamerica converted to Christianity away from the Aztec pantheon, the Mexica Gods lost a significant source of power and retreated to the mythical realm known as Aztlán, it the home place of the Mexica tribe before they traveled South. Most Mexica souls went to their underworld that was known as Mictlan, though some still remain in the world of the living and are protected by the Mayan Gods.

Trivia

  • The Mexica Empire was the farthest and fastest ancient civilization to fall.
  • According to What If? magazine, if Motecuhzoma was wary enough, he would've attacked the Spanish and Cortés would've been killed. Then the Mexica would gain knowledge of things like horse riding and guns but Spain would struggle financially without the gold they would've got. This would lead to the cancellation of the Peru and Inca Empire and the massacre of the Tlaxcalans. The Mexica wouldn't fall until 1819 where the Spanish would receive help from the British and French.[4]

References

Locations (RRP)
Cities and Towns: Albuquerque | Atlanta | Beverly Hills | Cabo San Lucas | Chicago | Los Angeles | Loves Park | Merdel | Miami | New Orleans | New York City | Rock Creek | Raisin Valley | San Diego | San Miguel de Allende | Santa Monica | Silver Springs | Yuma
Administrative Divisions: Alabama | Arizona | Baja California Sur | California | Chiapas | Chihuahua | Colorado | Connecticut | Florida | Georgia | Guanajuato | Illinois | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maryland | Mississippi | Montana | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | Oregon | Quintana Roo | Wisconsin
Landmarks and other Buildings: Alvarado Transportation Center | Beverly Hills Hotel | Georgia Aquarium | Museum of Ancient Indian Art and Culture
Countries: France | Mexico | United States of America
Continents: Europe | North America
Pandava Quintet: Amaravati | Court of the Sky | Department of Many Voices | Kingdom of Death | Lanka | Little India | Naga Realm | Night Bazaar | Ocean of Milk | Otherworld
Storm Runner Trilogy/Throne of Sand Duology: Aztlán | Baja California Peninsula | The Beast | Caribbean Sea | Cave of the Crystals | Ceiba World Tree | The Empty | Hell's Kitchen | Holy Ghost | Isla Holbox | Jazz's Surf Shop | Mexica Empire | Old World | Pacific Ocean | Palenque National Park | Sea of Cortez | Shaman Institute of Higher-Order Magic | Tomb of the Red Queen | Venice Beach | Xib'alb'a
Dragon Pearl: Black Locust Station | Fourth Colony | Ghost Sector | Hongok | Hongok Spaceport | Jinju | Kim Dome | Outer Rim | Pale Lightning | Red Azalea | Thousand Worlds
Sal & Gabi Duology: Calamity Island | Coral Castle | Culeco Academy of the Arts | Little Havana | Multiverse | Reál House | Unnamed Miami Hospital | Vidón University
Tristan Strong Trilogy: Alke | Anansi's Palace | Burning Sea | Drowned Forest | Golden Crescent | Grasslands | Isihlangu | Lady Night's Juke Joint | New Orleans Pharmacy Museum | MidPass | Mississippi River | Nyame's Palace | Ridge | Strong Apartment | Strong family farm | Thicket
Race to the Sun: Begay House | Chuska Mountains | Canyon de Chelly | Dibé Nitsaa | Glittering World | House of the Sun | Intertribal Community Charter School | Navajo Nation | Sisnaajiní | Shiprock | Spider Rock
Paola Santiago series: Camp of the Niños de la Luz | Gila River | Juan & Sons Auto Repair | Pizza Pete's | The Rift | Riverside Palace Apartments | Silver Springs Hospital | Silver Springs Police Department
City of the Plague God: Brooklyn | Central Park | Georiou's | Gilgamesh's Glass Ziggurat | Hudson Square | Kurnugi | Manhattan | Manhattan General Hospital | Mo's | Nineveh | Rock of Nisir | Queens | Sea of Tiamat | Washington Square Park
The Gifted Clans series: Byun Mansion | The Campus | Griffin Observatory | Noh Dojang | Oh House | Pacific Ocean Seoulful Tacos | Temple of the Gifted Community Los Angeles | Traditional Korean Medicine Clinic
Pahua and the Soul Stealer: Merdel Elementary | Moua Apartment
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