Athena   Minerva    

Yes, my children will avenge me. They must destroy the Romans. Horrible, dishonorable, copycat Romans. Juno argued that we must keep the two camps apart. I said, No, let them fight. Let my children destroy the usurpers.

–Minerva talking to Annabeth, in The Mark of Athena.

Minerva is the Roman virgin goddess of wisdom, poetry, medicine, commerce, weaving and crafts, equivalent to the Greek goddess Athena.


Minerva, in Roman religion, was the goddess of wisdom, commerce, poetry and crafts and unlike the Greek Athena (to whom Minerva was equivalent), she had little to no association with war and combat. The goddess embodied the application of intellect in everyday tasks and was accredited with inventing spinning, weaving, numbers, and music. She is also the patron goddess of medicine and is described by the poet Ovid as the "Goddess of a thousand works."

Some scholars believe that her cult was that of Athena introduced at Rome from Etruria. This is reinforced by the fact that she was apart of the Capitoline triad, hailed as a guardian of the state alongside the gods Jupiter and Juno. A shrine atop Rome's Aventine Hill dedicated to Minerva functioned as a meeting place for guilds of craftsmen, including at one time dramatic poets and actors.

Under the Emperor Domitian, who claimed her special protection, the worship of Minerva attained its greatest vogue in the Roman Empire.

The Heroes of Olympus

The Son of Neptune

Minerva is mentioned by Vitellius when talking about gorgons blood, as she gave a vial from the right side to Vitellius' ancestor, Aesculapius.

The Mark of Athena

Terminus is appalled when Annabeth Chase states that she is the daughter of Athena, the Greek form of Minerva. He then states that Minerva has no Roman children. Later, Annabeth remembers being in Grand Central Station and seeing her mother looking at a subway map. She walks over to her, but when the goddess doesn't recognize her, Annabeth quickly figures out she is talking to Minerva. Minerva claims that she used to be more than this, that she used to carry a spear and shield, but now only has a large walking stick as if she is going on a trip. She also tells Annabeth that the Romans took her and while the gods wanted to split the Greek and Roman demigods apart, she wanted them to battle it out and allow the Greeks to defeat them. When Annabeth wonders what happened to her, as she is supposed to be wise, Minerva becomes very angry that Annabeth would aid Percy Jackson (who was at Camp Jupiter). She tells Annabeth to avenge her and gives her the Mark of Athena before looking back at the subway map and talking about needing to find her way home.


Unlike her Greek counterpart, Minerva is not a war goddess to the Romans, acting as more of a defense/strategic adviser and artist (the Romans largely looked down upon defensive maneuvers, always falling back on them as a last resort even if Minerva was correct in suggesting a retreat. This is because the Romans always attacked others to defend themselves). Because of this, Minerva hates the Romans and wants revenge on them for stealing her statue when the Romans attacked the Greek city-states. Her goal of revenge goes so far that she does not seem to think clearly and exhibits vengeful and violent tendencies, sometimes without thinking. This is in deep contrast to Athena, as Percy once commented that Athena was one of the worst enemies he could make, as she would think everything through and never make a mistake in her quest for revenge.

Minerva also thinks somewhat low of herself, saying that she is more than what she is as Minerva, even hating the name. Also, because of her conflicting natures, Minerva is slightly distracted, as she did not know who Annabeth was and had difficulty reading a subway map.


Minerva appears as a young woman in jeans, hiking boots, and a red flannel shirt. She has long dark hair that cascades over her shoulders. She dresses like she is prepared for a long journey, as she also wears a backpack and carries a walking stick (in place of her shield and spear).


She presumably possesses the standard powers of a goddess.

  • Divine Wisdom: As the Goddess of Wisdom, Minerva is extremely wise, intelligent, and knowledgeable.
  • Craftsmanship: As the Goddess of Crafts, Minerva is an incredibly skillful craftswoman, though she is best known for her talent in weaving (the very art of which she herself invented).
  • Mystiokinesis: As the Goddess of Magic, Minerva has absolute control and divine authority over magic, though not as much as Hecate.


She is described by the poets, and represented by the sculptors and painters in a standing attitude, completely armed, with a composed but smiling countenance, bearing a golden breast-plate, a spear in her right hand, and the Aegis in her left, having on it the head of Medusa, entwined with snakes. Her helmet was usually encompassed with olives, to denote that peace is the end of war, or rather because that tree was sacred to her. At her feet is generally placed the owl or viper, the former being the emblem of wisdom and the latter of war.



The Heroes of Olympus
Core Series: The Lost Hero | The Son of Neptune | The Mark of Athena | The House of Hades | The Blood of Olympus
Main Characters: Jason Grace | Piper McLean | Leo Valdez | Percy Jackson | Frank Zhang | Hazel Levesque | Annabeth Chase | Reyna Ramírez-Arellano | Nico di Angelo | Gleeson Hedge
Secondary Characters: Hylla Ramírez-Arellano | Dakota | Tyson | Ella | Octavian | Halcyon Green | Dr. Howard Claymore | Alabaster C. Torrington | Lamia | Iapetus/Bob
Minor Characters: Rachel Elizabeth Dare | Grover Underwood | Thalia Grace | Fleecy | Mrs. O'Leary | Kinzie | Arion | Calypso | Lou Ellen Blackstone | Chiron | Will Solace | Tristan McLean | Don | Julia | Jacob | Michael Varus | Burly Black
Olympian Gods: Zeus | Hera | Poseidon | Hades | Ares | Demeter | Athena | Apollo | Artemis | Hephaestus | Aphrodite | Hermes | Dionysus
Minor Gods: Achelous | Aeolus | Asclepius | Boreas | Eurus | Hecate | Iris | Hypnos | Keto | Khione | Kymopoleia | Mithras | Nemesis | Nike | Notus | Phorcys | Serapis | Thanatos | Triptolemus | Zephyros
Roman Gods: Jupiter | Juno | Neptune | Pluto | Mars | Minerva | Ceres | Lupa | Bellona | Fortuna | Janus | Terminus | Vulcan | Mercury | Apollo (Roman) | Diana | Venus | Bacchus | Pomona | Aquilon | Hercules | Cupid | Auster | Favonius | Letus | Victoria
Giants: Enceladus | Porphyrion | Alcyoneus | Polybotes | Ephialtes | Otis | Damasen | Clytius | Mimas | Orion | Hippolytos| Thoon | Periboia
Undead: Medea | Midas | Lityerses | Gray | Phineas | Otrera | Echo | Narcissus | Sciron | Pasiphaë
Primordial Gods: Gaea | Tartarus | Ourae | Nyx | Chaos | Ouranos | Akhlys | Hemera | Elpis | Spes
Monsters and Magical Creatures: Cynocephali | Gorgon | Gryphon | Harpy | Basilisk | Lycanthrope | Gegeines | Cyclops | Katobleps | Unicorn | Giant Eagle | Ichthyocentaur | Satyr/Faun | Storm Spirit | Laistrygonian Giant | Lares
Related Content: Rick Riordan | Haley Riordan | Percy Jackson and the Olympians | Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Ultimate Guide | The Demigod Files | The Demigod Diaries | The Son of Sobek | The Singer of Apollo | The Staff of Serapis | Percy Jackson's Greek Gods | Percy Jackson's Greek Heroes | The Crown of Ptolemy | Demigods & Magicians | Demigods of Olympus | Percy Jackson Demigod Collection
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