|“||Right, right. Myth and science were both true - simply different versions of the same reality, blah blah. I'd heard that lecture a hundred times, and I didn't want to hear it again.||”|
|“||How could it not be possible. In ancient times, this was common sense. Each country, sometimes each city, had its own pantheon of gods. We Olympians have always been used to living in close proximity to, ah...the competition.||”|
–Apollo explaining to Thalia how different gods exist in The Dark Prophecy.
Mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition of a group of people – their collection of stories they tell to explain nature, history, and customs – or the study of such myths.
Percy Jackson and the Olympians, The Kane Chronicles, The Heroes of Olympus, Magnus Chase and the Gods of Asgard, and The Trials of Apollo all center on the presence of various mythological concepts in the modern world and the forces put in place to combat them. A recurrent theme is the emergence of a malevolent figure from mythology seeking to destroy the world, only to be defeated by modern-day heroes with the aid of their gods.
The following mythologies have appeared in Rick Riordan's works with starring roles in various series. As well as playing a role in books published under the Rick Riordan Presents imprint.
Greek mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the ancient Greeks. It is prominently featured in Percy Jackson and the Olympians and The Heroes of Olympus, focusing largely on the Second Titan War and Second Giant War fought by the demigods of Camp Half-Blood and Camp Jupiter. The Greek gods are strongly tied to a metaphysical force known as Western Civilization, residing wherever the "flame" is brightest. The current epicenter of Western Civilization is the United States of America, specifically New York City.
Egyptian mythology is the collection of myths from ancient Egypt. It is prominently featured in The Kane Chronicles, focusing largely on the War Against Apophis by the magicians of the House of Life. Many of the Egyptian gods were banished to the Duat before they were released by Julius Kane into the modern world.
Roman mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the ancient Romans. It is prominently featured in The Heroes of Olympus series. When the flame of Western Civilization shifted from Greece to Rome, many of the Greek myths were reinterpreted under Roman names, thus causing the gods to develop alternate forms and forming the basis of Roman mythology.
Norse mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the Germanic and Norwegian people. It is prominently featured in Magnus Chase and the Gods of Asgard, focusing largely on the einherji of Hotel Valhalla preparing for Ragnarök.
Hindu mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the Hindu people of India. It is prominently featured in the first Rick Riordan Presents book series, the Pandava Quartet, focusing on Pandava Demigods on a quest to prevent the end of the world.
In Percy Jackson's Greek Gods, the titular character mentions the Indians had their own magic and gods to fight off Dionysus' forces. It is unclear if this is the same as the mythology featured in the Pandava Quartet books.
According to Roshani Chokshi, the Pandava Quartet are about what she understands from her research and book reading. The Hindu myths and legends vary from state to state, but the wonderful thing about mythology is that its arms are wide enough to embrace many traditions from many regions.
Mayan mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people of the Yucatan Peninsula in modern day Central America. It is prominently featured in the Storm Runner series, focusing on the son of Hurakan preventing the gods from going to war.
According to Jennifer Cervantes, The Storm Runner is a snapshot of how she understands the myths and terms and what she learned from her research. Representing the many Maya mythologies, cultures, languages, pronunciations, and geographies would take an entire library.
Mexica Mythology is the collection of myths that belonged to the Mexica People, known more widely as the Aztec Gods.
Korean mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people of the Korean Peninsula. It is prominently featured in the book Dragon Pearl. Unlike the above mythologies, Korean Mythology is mostly focused on spirits of animals or creatures such as foxes, tigers, dragons, goblins, and human ghosts, and does not focus on gods.
Cuban Mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people on the island of Cuba. it is prominently featured in the book Sal & Gabi Break the Universe, and primarily takes the focus on the use of magic.
African and African-American Mythology
African Mythology are various mythologies belonging to African tribes and civilizations. They are not a single mythology, even if they are often lumped together. A mixture of these stories adapted to the New World are the shared stories and tales of African-Americans and are part of a larger American mythology.
African and African-American mythology will prominently feature in Tristan Strong Punches a Hole in the Sky and it's sequel, which will feature Anansi, a West African folklore character originating from the Akan people, along with the African-American folk heroes John Henry and Bret Rabbit.
Navajo Mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people of the Navajo tribe. It is prominently featured in the book Race to the Sun.
Mexican Mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people in Mexico that developed in the aftermath of the Spanish arrival and is distinct from Aztec and Mayan mythology. it is prominently featured in the book Paola Santiago and the Drowned Palace and features the titular Paola Santiago seeing out La Llorona to prove she had something to do with her friends disappearance.
Mesopotamian Mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people of Mesopotamia, the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, including Babylonian, Sumerian, and other ancient cultures.
The Babylonian god, Marduk, was referenced by Apollo in The Burning Maze.
City of the Plague God, a Rick Riordan presents novel, will focus on the region's mythology, including the mythological hero Gilgamesh.
- Percy Jackson's Greek Gods and Percy Jackson's Greek Heroes are retellings of several Greek myths.
- Aside from the above myths that have gotten a series focused on them, several other mythologies have been hinted or confirmed to exist:
- God is mentioned by Chiron in The Lightning Thief and Leo Valdez in The House of Hades.
- Thor mentions wanting to fight Jesus Christ in The Sword of Summer.
- Moses is the only foreign magician to have defeated the House of Life in a duel.
- Throughout The Heroes of Olympus, Piper McLean recounts Cherokee myths. Similarly, Frank Zhang and his grandmother believe in Chinese myths and gods.
- Apollo mentions Chinese celestial dragon in The Dark Prophecy.
- Mallory mentions Irish Celtic myths in The Ship of the Dead, while Dagda is referenced in Aru Shah and the End of Time .
- Apollo in the Burning Maze referenced Mefitis, a god of the Samnite People of south central Italy.