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Right, right. Myth and science were both true - simply different versions of the same reality, blah blah. I'd heard that lecture a hundred times, and I didn't want to hear it again.

Sadie Kane, in The Throne of Fire.

How could it not be possible. In ancient times, this was common sense. Each country, sometimes each city, had its own pantheon of gods. We Olympians have always been used to living in close proximity to, ah...the competition.

–Apollo explaining to Thalia how different gods exist in The Dark Prophecy.

Earth
This article is written from a real world point of view.

Mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition of a group of people – their collection of stories they tell to explain nature, history, and customs – or the study of such myths.[1] 

Percy Jackson and the Olympians, The Kane Chronicles, The Heroes of Olympus, Magnus Chase and the Gods of Asgard, and The Trials of Apollo all center on the presence of various mythological concepts in the modern world and the forces put in place to combat them. A recurrent theme is the emergence of a malevolent figure from mythology seeking to destroy the world, only to be defeated by modern-day heroes with the aid of their gods.

The following mythologies have appeared in Rick Riordan's works with starring roles in various series. As well as playing a role in most of the books published under the Rick Riordan Presents imprint. 

Greek mythology

Zeus

Zeus, the supreme god in Greek mythology

Greek mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the ancient Greeks, especially based on accounts written by well-known poets or philosophers such as Homer, Hesiod, and Plato. It revolves mostly around stories concerning the Ancient Greek pantheon and the mortal heroes such as Odysseus and Achilles.

It is prominently featured in Percy Jackson and the Olympians and The Heroes of Olympus, focusing largely on the Second Titan War and Second Giant War fought by the demigods of Camp Half-Blood and Camp Jupiter.

The Greek gods are strongly tied to a metaphysical force known as Western Civilization, residing wherever the "flame" is brightest. The current epicenter of Western Civilization is the United States of America, specifically New York City.

Egyptian mythology

Ra

Ra, the supreme god in Egyptian mythology

Egyptian mythology is the collection of myths from Ancient Egypt. It is prominently featured in The Kane Chronicles trilogy, focusing largely on the War Against Apophis and his forces of chaos by the magicians of the House of Life. Many of the Egyptian gods were banished to the Duat when Egypt became a part of the Roman Empire.

Thousands of years later, they were released by Julius Kane into the modern world. Unlike most pantheons shown, they do not have demigod children will mortals, rather then have a form of symbiotic relationship with magicians who share a magical affiliation with their attributes and, in rare cases, demigods from other pantheons.

Roman mythology

Statue of Jupiter

Jupiter, the supreme god in Roman mythology

Roman mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the ancient Romans, especially based on the accounts of esteemed Roman poets such as Ovid and Virgil, whose greatest works include The Metamorphoses, a poem describing changed forms and bodies, and the birth and growth of the world, and The Aeneid, a poem describing the travels of Aeneas after the fall of Troy, and his subsequent founding of Rome.

It is prominently featured in The Heroes of Olympus series. When the flame of Western Civilization shifted from Greece to Rome, many of the Greek myths were reinterpreted under Roman names, thus causing the gods to develop alternate forms and forming the basis of Roman mythology.

Norse mythology

Odin

Odin, the supreme god in Norse mythology

Norse mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the Germanic and Norwegian people. It is prominently featured in Magnus Chase and the Gods of Asgard, focusing largely on the einherji of Hotel Valhalla preparing for Ragnarök.

The Norse deities are divided into three aspects, the aesir, gods of war and power, the vanir, gods of peace and magic, and the Jotunn, a race of semi immortal giants. All three are capable of siring demigod children with humans, dwarves, and elves.

The Nine Worlds of the Norse myths are each home to a different group of beings. Asgard is home to the aesir gods, Midgard is home to humans, Vanaheim is home to the vanir gods, Muspellheim is home to the fire jotunns, Niflheim is the land of cold, Helheim is home to the dishonorable dead, Alfheim is home to the elves, Nidavellir is home to the dwarves, and Jotunheim is home to the jotunns.

Hindu Mythology

AruShah Not part of Riordanverse

The following article/section is from the Pandava Quintet continuity under Rick Riordan Presents and not the Riordanverse canon.

Hindu mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the Hindu people of India. It is prominently featured in the first Rick Riordan Presents book series, the Pandava Quartet, focusing on Pandava Demigods on a quest to prevent the end of the world.

In Percy Jackson's Greek Gods, the titular character mentions the Indians had their own magic and gods to fight off Dionysus' forces. It is unclear if this is the same as the mythology featured in the Pandava Quartet books.

Apollo in The Dark Prophecy mentions the Vedic storm god Indra being with Apollo on a late-night road trip in search of vindaloo. 

According to Roshani Chokshi, the Pandava Quartet are about what she understands from her research and book reading. The Hindu myths and legends vary from state to state, but the wonderful thing about mythology is that its arms are wide enough to embrace many traditions from many regions.[2]

Mayan Mythology

VISDEV-2872 readriordan zane.1200 Not part of Riordanverse

The following article/section is from the Storm Runner/Throne of Sand continuity under Rick Riordan Presents and not the Riordanverse canon.

Hurakan1

Hurakan, one of the two Mayan creator deities along with K’ukumatz

Mayan mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people of the Yucatan Peninsula in modern day Central America. It is prominently featured in the Storm Runner series, focusing on the son of Hurakan preventing the gods from going to war.

According to Jennifer Cervantes, The Storm Runner is a snapshot of how she understands the myths and terms and what she learned from her research. Representing the many Maya mythologies, cultures, languages, pronunciations, and geographies would take an entire library.[3]

Mexica Mythology 

Mexica Mythology is the collection of myths that belonged to the Mexica People, known more widely as the Aztec Gods. 

Apollo mentions Tonatiuh, the Mexixa god of the Sun, being able to bring up the Sun on human sacrifices. The Mexica Gods are a focus of the sequel to the Storm Runner, The Fire Keeper and the sequel series the Throne of Sand Duology

Korean Mythology

Dragon-Pearl.2-683x1024 Not part of Riordanverse

The following article/section is from the Dragon Pearl continuity under Rick Riordan Presents and not the Riordanverse canon.

Korean mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people of the Korean Peninsula. It is prominently featured in the book Dragon Pearl. Unlike the above mythologies, Korean Mythology is mostly focused on spirits of animals or creatures such as foxes, tigers, dragons, goblins, and human ghosts, and does not focus on gods. 

Cuban Mythology

Cuban Mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people on the island of Cuba. it is prominently featured in the book Sal & Gabi Break the Universe, and primarily takes the focus on the use of magic.


African and African-American Mythology

African Mythology are various mythologies belonging to African tribes and civilizations. They are not a single mythology, even if they are often lumped together. A mixture of these stories adapted to the New World are the shared stories and tales of African-Americans and are part of a larger African American mythology. 

The first African mythology referenced are the Yoruba from Nigeria, whose gods are known to have Demigod children. One such Demigod, Olujime, appeared in The Dark Prophecy


Tristan Strong Not part of Riordanverse

The following article/section is from the Tristan Strong continuity under Rick Riordan Presents and not the Riordanverse canon.

African and African-American mythology is prominently featured in the Tristan Strong series of books, which features Anansi, a West African folklore character originating from the Akan people, along with the African-American folk heroes John Henry and Brer Rabbit.


Ghanian mythology, particularly the vampire lore of the region (the Adze) is prominently featured in Serwa Boateng duology of books. 

Navajo Mythology

SunRace Not part of Riordanverse

The following article/section is from the Race to the Sun continuity under Rick Riordan Presents and not the Riordanverse canon.

Spider Woman RR

Spider Woman, a Navajo Holy Person.

Navajo Mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people of the Navajo, or Diné, tribe. It is prominently featured in the book Race to the Sun. The gods within the Navajo pantheon are referred to as holy people rather then gods and goddesses.

Figures in the main characters encounter throughout the book include the holy people Spider Woman and Jóhonaa’éí, and spaheshifting vulture like creatures known as Bináá’ yee aghání.

Mexican Mythology

Mexican Mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people in Mexico that developed in the aftermath of the Spanish arrival and is distinct from Aztec and Mayan mythology. it is prominently featured in the book Paola Santiago and the River of Tears and features the titular Paola Santiago seeing out La Llorona to prove she had something to do with her friends disappearance. 

Mesopotamian Mythology

CotPG Cover Not part of Riordanverse

The following article/section is from the City of the Plague God continuity under Rick Riordan Presents and not the Riordanverse canon.

Mesopotamian Mythology is the collection of myths belonging to the people of Mesopotamia, the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, including Babylonian, Sumerian, and other ancient cultures. 

The Babylonian god, Marduk, was referenced by Apollo in The Burning Maze

City of the Plague God, a Rick Riordan presents novel, will focus on the region's mythology, including the mythological hero Gilgamesh

Trivia

References

  1. Wikipedia
  2. Aru Shah and the End of Time, Glossary
  3. The Storm Runner, Glossary

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