Narmer was an ancient Egyptian Pharaoh of the Early Dynastic Period (c. 32nd century BCE). He is considered by some to be the unifier of Egypt, and founder of the First Dynasty; he was the first pharaoh of unified Egypt.


Narmer, in the traditional pose of smiting the enemies of Egypt, cropped from the Narmer Palette

Narmer Palette

The Narmer Palette, also known as the Great Hierakonpolis Palette or the Palette of Narmer, is a significant Egyptian archaeological find; dating from about the 31st century BC, it contains some of the earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions ever found. It is thought by some to depict the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the king Narmer. On one side, the king is depicted with the bulbed White crown of Upper (southern) Egypt, and the other side depicts the king wearing the level Red Crown of Lower (northern) Egypt. Along with the Scorpion Macehead and the Narmer Maceheads, also found together in the "Main deposit" at Hierakonopolis, the Narmer Palette provides one of the earliest known depictions of an Egyptian king. The Palette shows many of the classic conventions of Egyptian art which must already have been formalized by the time of the Palette's creation.[1] The Egyptologist Bob Brier has referred to the Narmer Palette as "the first historical document in the world".[2]
Narmer palette

Reverse and obverse sides of Narmer Palette

The Kane Chronicles

The Red Pyramid

Whilst in the library of Brooklyn House after the serpopard attack, Carter orders a shabti to bring him the Narmer Palette. Sadie decides that the picture shows Narmer with a spoon, angry because someone stole his breakfast cereal.


  1. Wilkinson, Toby A.H. Early Dynastic Egypt. p.6 Routledge, London. 1999. ISBN 0-203-20421-2
  2. Brier, Bob. Daily Life of the Ancient Egyptians, A. Hoyt Hobbs 1999, p.202