|“||The spirit of the wild must pass to all of you now. You must tell each one you meet: if you would find Pan, take up Pan's spirit. Remake the wild, a little at a time, each in your own corner of the world. You cannot wait for anyone else, even a god, to do that for you.||”|
Pan (in Ancient Greek: Παν) was the god of the Wild, hunting (partially), rustic music and folk music. Usually known as the son of Dryope and Hermes, although in some cases Pan predates Hermes and was perhaps raised alongside Zeus himself. Pan appears as an old satyr with incredibly large horns. His Roman counterpart is Faunus (when it came to forests, plains, and fields) and Inuus (when it came to cattle). In Roman myths, he is also a god of prophecy. Sometimes he's used to represent paganism (mainly in poetry).
Pan is the lost god of the Wild. Two-thousand years before the series, an announcement was made that the great god Pan had died which was accepted by most, except for the satyrs and nature spirits. Pan, while in Ephesos, told the satyr, Lysas to spread the word of his death. Like Satyrs, he was described as very lecherous, though this fact is absent in the series. Most satyrs dream of finding Pan and apply for a searcher's license through the Council of Cloven Elders so they can go looking for Pan. No satyrs ever return from the quest, because of the Golden Fleece (see Polyphemus). Grover has lost his father, grandfather, uncle, and probably more relatives and friends to the quest, but also figured out the Golden Fleece dilemma. Pan once had a musical contest with Apollo. King Midas, one of Pan's followers, judged that Pan was the winner, despite Apollo being the god of music. In anger, Apollo gave Midas the ears of a donkey.
Pan also helped Zeus in the fight against Typhon. While Zeus was imprisoned by Typhon and held in a cave guarded by the female dragon Delphine, Pan started shouting out loud and caused panic in the dragon that ran away giving the god of lightning the chance to escape and to go after the son of Gaea.
Pan appears a lot of times in poems normally representing the whole paganism or nature. The most famous one is this from Elizabeth Browning of which are part this two strophes:
And that dismal cry rose slowly
And sank slowly through the air,
Full of spirit's melancholy
And eternity's despair!
And they heard the words it said --
Pan is dead! Great Pan is dead!
Earth outgrows the myth fancies
Sung beside her in her youth,
And those debonair romances
Sound but dull before the truth,
Phoebe's chariot-course is run
Look up, poets, to the sun!
Pan, Pan is dead.
There were a poetic movement favorable to paganism so Elizabeth Browning wrote this poem to "remember" the poets that Greek Mythology was gone for good.
Grover's quest for Pan is not going well because of the Golden Fleece. The fleece gives off the same scent as the wild so it attracts satyrs to the island of Polyphemus where they are eaten. After bringing the fleece back to Camp Half-Blood, Grover sets out on the quest again in hope of finding Pan.
While passing through New Mexico, Grover senses a strong presence and passes out saying something about the blessing of the wild. At the same time a giant boar flies out of the bushes attacking the groups enemies and later giving the group a ride west. Percy asks what Grover means and he says that he felt the presence of Pan. Grover thinks that Pan speaks to him through coffee when later on, Grover tells Percy that he heard Pan's voice say "I await you."
During the quest in, Grover and Tyson split away from the group because Grover senses Pan. Later Percy , Annabeth, Rachel, and Nico find them at a riverbank in the labyrinth. The group follows the river to a cave in the Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico, where they find Pan lying on a bed. He fades in and out as he dies. He is surrounded by extinct animals that fade into dust as he dies. Pan tells Grover that he should have died 2 millennia ago but the satyrs prevented his passing. He says that it's his time to go and for Grover to carry on his wisdom to the world. He individually addresses Percy, Annabeth, Tyson and Rachel, but does not address Nico. As Pan dies, some of his energy goes into everyone with a little more going to Grover.
Then the group gets back to camp and are forced to battle Kronos' army. During the battle Grover releases a fierce scream which causes Kronos' army to flee in terror. Apparently the scream was an ability of Pan rightly named Panic. When Grover goes before the council the satyrs do not believe him, but Dionysus and Chiron do. The satyrs vote to exile Grover, but Chiron and Dionysus (whose vote counts for two since he is a god, and is upset so they do not challenge it) vote to keep him. Since the council reaches an indecision, it is disbanded, allowing Grover to remain. This unintentionally led to the slaughter of nearly twenty satyrs, the ones that had voted to exile Grover including Silenus and Maron. Leneus was spared, but his death was inevitable, and he died a hero in the Second Olympian War and was reincarnated into a laurel.
Pan's spirit is carried on in Grover who is joining the satyrs together to protect the wild places that are left in the world. He becomes "replaced" as Lord of the Wild by Grover.
Faunus is the Roman form of Pan. When Pan turns into Faunus, he becomes more disciplined, militaristic, and warlike. It is unknown if Pan can became Faunus because he died and gave his powers to Grover.
- Presumably, Pan has the standard powers of a god.
- Can produce a panic (a loud scream/aura of fear that scares numerous enemies), which has been passed onto Grover.
- Presumably has woodland magic.
- He has the powers of Grover and the other satyrs that they used throughout the series, but on a larger scale.
- Is able to make artificial images of animals come alive, often accompanied by a wave of nausea by satyrs, or a breeze of springtime by humans.
- Can command the Erymanthian boar and other creatures of the wild, such as a bird (a dodo bird to be exact, by the name of Dede), a mammoth and a tiger-wolf (quite possibly a Thylacine/ Tasmanian Tiger) as seen in The Battle of the Labyrinth. It would also appear his power was the only thing keeping them alive, for once he faded, they turned to dust.
- Can lift up things belonging to nature (water, rocks, dirt, animals, trees, and bushes)
- So far, Pan is the only being in the series that has actually been shown fading.