The Roman Gods are the deities the Roman empire worshipped.
Aspects and Personality
When the Greek deities were adopted by Rome, they gained another aspect. They were not completely one nor the other, due to having the ability to be in many places at once.
Some Roman Gods do not have a Greek aspect, being born within the Roman religion. Deities such as Terminus and Bellona are fully Roman. A god like Mithras is an instance that Roman mythology interacted and fused with other religions with the expansion of the empire.
As a result of Rome's new idea of them, their Roman forms have many differences from their original forms. They are described to be much more militaristic and dedicated to their duties than their original forms. However, they become warlike and usually unfriendly. They often are skilled in the ways of combat and seem to care about honor more, which matches with the Roman culture.
The Roman gods rarely interact with the mortals and their demigod children on earth. They only appear in times of crisis. Due to this, they don't have as much children as their Greek aspects.
It is mentioned that some Gods' behavior can be so different in their Roman form that, rather than being a distinct aspect, they may became a distinct personality of such Gods. This is evident on Mars, who is a dedicated strategist and dislikes unnecessary bloodshed, in stark contrast to Ares, his true Greek form, who loves the idea of combat and violence.
Their status and importance can change slightly as well. For an example, Pluto was more associated with riches rather than his Greek form, where he was thought as mostly a death god. And Mars also became more important, due to the Romans' love of war and battle. He is respected to the point where only Jupiter is considered above him.
Meanwhile, as mentioned by Hazel, gods can become less respected in their Roman aspects. In the case of Poseidon becoming Neptune, the Romans tended to fear the sea and therefore wasn't liked very much.
In The Mark of Athena, it is revealed that there are some deities who have forms that hardly contrast. Nemesis and Aphrodite/Venus state, that because revenge and love are universal, they don't change between their different aspects at all. Hecate also said that she would be Hecate, Greek or Roman.
Division Between Forms
The gods can be torn between their aspects. This occurs whenever their Greek and Roman children go to war. This happens because their demigod children call for their respective forms on both sides, causing them to be in a divided state. In this state they can have brutal headaches, confusion, and schizophrenia. Even the most levelheaded deities can be incomprehensive, Athena/Minerva as an example.
It is noted later on that minor gods and goddesses are less affected by wars between their Greek and Roman aspects. As a result of less worship and prayers, they are burdened with only minor annoyances such as headaches. This is a explanation of why Zephyros/Favonius was only mildly affected and was not totally incapitated.
In The Blood of Olympus it was stated that Artemis and Apollo could escape the division of their forms by going to their birthplace Delos. However, leaving the area would cause them to lose control and have their powers nullified.
During the first known time the Greeks and Romans clashed, the gods stopped the war by separating them and making each other believe the other didn't exist. The second division was eventually sorted out when the Athena Parthenos was given to the Greeks as a peace offering, which died down the war and healed the gods' forms.
Roman Gods, unlike the Egyptian pantheon, don't require specific anchors to walk on earth. And unlike the Norse, they are practically immortal and are seen as more divine, like their Greek counterparts.
- Apollo (Greek Form: Apollo)
- Bacchus (Greek Form: Dionysus)
- Ceres (Greek Form: Demeter)
- Diana (Greek Form: Artemis)
- Juno (Greek Form: Hera)
- Jupiter or Jove (Greek Form: Zeus)
- Mars (Greek Form: Ares)
- Mercury (Greek Form: Hermes)
- Minerva (Greek Form: Athena)
- Neptune (Greek Form: Poseidon)
- Pluto (Greek Form: Hades)
- Venus (Greek Form: Aphrodite)
- Vesta (Greek Form: Hestia)
- Vulcan (Greek Form: Hephaestus)
- Aeolus (Greek Form: Aeolus)
- Aquilon (Greek Form: Boreas)
- Arcus (Greek Form: Iris)
- Aesculapius (Greek Form: Asclepius)
- Auster (Greek Form: Notus)
- Cupid (Greek Form: Eros)
- Discordia (Greek Form: Eris)
- Faunus (Greek Form: Pan)
- Favonius (Greek Form: Zephyrus)
- Fortuna (Greek Form: Tyche)
- Hercules (Greek Form: Heracles)
- Invidia (Greek Form: Nemesis)
- Juventas (Greek Form: Hebe)
- Lucina (Greek Form: Eileithyia)
- Letus (Greek Form: Thanatos)
- Libertas (Greek Form: Eleutheria)
- Metus/Terror (Greek Form: Deimos)
- Portunus (Greek Form: Palaemon)
- Proserpina (Greek Form: Persephone)
- Salacia (Greek Form: Amphitrite)
- Somnia (Greek Form: Morpheus)
- Somnus (Greek Form: Hypnos)
- Spes (Greek Form: Elpis)
- Timor/Fear (Greek form: Phobos)
- Trivia (Greek Form: Hecate)
- Victoria (Greek Form: Nike)
- Aurora (Greek Form: Eos)
- Coeus (Greek Form: Koios)
- Crius (Greek Form: Krios)
- Hyperion (Greek Form: Hyperion)
- Luna (Greek Form: Selene)
- Ocean (Greek Form: Oceanus)
- Ops (Greek form: Rhea)
- Saturn (Greek Form: Kronos)
- Sol (Greek Form: Helios)
- Nox (Greek Form: Nyx)
- Tartarus (Greek Form: Tartarus)
- Terra (Greek Form: Gaea)
- Caelus (Greek Form: Ouranos)
- Typhoeus (Greek Form: Typhon)
- Fauns (Greek Form: Satyrs)
- Venti (Greek Form: Anemoi Thuellai)
- Sphinge (Greek Form: Sphinx)
- The twelve Olympians in Roman mythology are called the Dii Consentes.
- In Camp Jupiter Classified: A Probatio’s Journal it is revealed that the ancile, a magical shield given by the gods to protect and strengthen Rome, is the magical force that sustain the link with the modern world for many nature spirits and minor deities associated with Rome, who, without it, would be too weak to keep existing.
- Because Roman gods interact less with mortals, it can be assumed that there are less Roman demigods than Greek demigods. However Camp Jupiter is still bigger in number due to their recruitment of Legacies.